Leonid Trauberg

Portrait Leonid TraubergDirector - Russia
Born January 17, 1902 in Odessa
Died November 13, 1970 in Moscow

Mini-Biography:
Leonid Trauberg was born on January 17, 1902 in Odessa. He was a Russian Director, known for Pokhozhdenjia Oktjabrinj (1924), Zhli soldaty (1958), Vyborgskaja Storona (1939), Leonid Trauberg's first movie on record is from 1924. Leonid Trauberg died on November 13, 1970 in Moskva. His last motion picture on file dates from 1981.
Biographical Notes in German: Sowjetischer Filmregisseur, Bruder des Filmarchitekten Ilja Trauberg (1905-1949). Erste Theaterarbeiten am Proletkult-Theater, 1922 im Alter von 19 Jahren mit Grigorij Konzintsev und anderen Gründung der "Fabrik des exzentrischen Schauspielers" FEKS und Veröffentlichung des Manifest "Exzentrismus", in welchem eine völlig neue Kunst, losgelöst von allen Traditionen, gefordert wurde. In den folgenden Jahren drehten Trauberg und Kozintsev verschiedene Filme im Rahmen des FEKS-Studios, so etwa "Die Abenteuer Oktjabrinas", "SVD - Der Bund der Grossen Sache" und vor allem "Das neue Babylon" über den Aufstand in der Pariser Komune. Bekannteste Werke aus den Dreissiger Jahren sind die drei Filme der "Maxim-Trilogie", wiederum realisiert zusammen mit seinem Regiepartner Grigorij Kozintsev über einen jungen Arbeiter in den Kadern der Bolschewistischen Partei der Jahre 1907 bis 1918. Diese Trilogie brachte ihren Autoren 1941 den Stalinpreis, einen Lenin-Orden sowie den Orden der Roten Arbeiterflagge ein.
In den späteren Jahren wurde Trauberg für seinen "Kosmopolitismus" scharf angegriffen, auch hatte sich das Regie-Duo getrennt, und Trauberg beschränkte sich auf das Drehbuchschreiben. Erst in Khrushchevs "Tauwetter-Periode" kehrte er zur Regie zurück und drehte 1958 den Film "Die Soldaten marschieren..." Wenige Jahre darauf folgte noch eine Version von Gogols bekanntem Roman "Die Toten Seelen". Seinen letzten Film, "Der freie Wind", realisierte Trauberg 1961 in Zusammenarbeit mit dem Regisseur Andrej Tutyshkin. (lhg 2011)

Leonid Trauberg Filmography [Auszug]
1981: [] Eto bilo za narvskoj zastavoj (Scenario), Directed by Viktor Okuntsov, with , , ,
1966: [04.24] Dva goda nad propastju (Scenario), Directed by Timofej Levchuk, with , , ,
1963: [] Dikije Lebedi (Scenario), Directed by Vjera Tsekhanovskaja, Mikhail Tsekhanovskij,
1962: [02.04] V mjortvoj petle (In Death's Noose) (Scenario), Directed by Sulamif Tsibulnik, Nikolaj Ilinskij, with , , Stanislav Chekan,
1961: [] Volnyj Vjeter (Wind of Freedom) (Director), Directed by Andrej Tutyshkin, with , Nadezhda Rumjantseva, Aleksandr Lazarev,
1960: [] Mjortvje dushi (Dead Souls) (Director), with , Vladimir Belokurov, Aleksej Gribov,
1958: [] Zhli soldaty (Soldiers Were Going, The Soldiers Marched On) (Director), with Sergej Bondarchuk, Andrej Petrov, Erast Garin,
1955: [02.23] Volnitsa (Flames on the Volga, Liberty) (Scenario), Directed by Grigorij W. Roshal, with , , ,
1947: [11.06] Elu tsitadellis (Life in the Citadel) (Scenario), Directed by Herbert Rappaport, with Hugo Laur, , ,
1945: [00.00] Prostije ljudi (Simple People) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with , , ,
1943: [] Junij Frits (The Young Fritz) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with Mikhail Zharov, Maksim Shtraukh, Mikhail Astangov,
1943: [04.22] Aktrisa (Actress) (Director), with Galina Sergejeva, Boris Andrejevich Babochkin, Mikhail Zharov,
1942: [06.30] Sekretar rajkoma (The District Secretary, The Partizans, Russian Guerillas, Secretary of the Communist Party District Committee, We Will Come Back) (Producer), Directed by Ivan Pyrjev, with , Marina Ladynina, ,
1941: [08.02] Bojevoj kinosbornik 1 (Collection of Films for the Armed Forces #1, Fighting Film Collection #1, Victory Will Be Ours, Part 1) (Scenario: : Vstrecha s Maksimom), Directed by Sergej Gerasimov, Ivan Mutanov, with Boris Chirkov, , ,
1941: [] Velikij Lekar' (unrealized project) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev,
1939: [02.02] Vyborgskaja Storona (New Horizons, The Vyborg Side) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with Boris Chirkov, Valentina Kibardina, Mikhail Zharov,
1937: [05.23] Vozvrashcheniye Maksima (The Return of Maxim) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with Boris Chirkov, Valentina Kibardina, Anatoli Kuznetsov,
1935: [01.27] Junost Maksima (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with Boris Chirkov, Valentina Kibardina, ,
1931: [10.10] Odna (Alone) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with Jelena Kuzmina, Pjotr Sobolevskij, Sergej Gerasimov,
1929: [03.18] Novij Vavilon (New Babylon) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with Jelena Kuzmina, Pjotr Sobolevskij, David Gutman,
1927: [08.23] SVD - Sojus velikogo djela (The Club of the Great Deed) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with Sergej Gerasimov, Andrej Kostrichkin, Pjotr Sobolevskij,
1926: [04.30] Bratishka (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with Pjotr Sobolevskij, Janina Zhejmo, Sergeij Martinson,
1926: [05.10] Shinel (The Overcoat) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with Andrej Kostrichkin, , Sergej Gerasimov,
1926: [03.16] Chertovo koleso (The Devil’s Wheel, The Sailor from the Aurora) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with Pjotr Sobolevskij, Ljudmila Semjonova, Sergej Gerasimov,
1925: [05.23] Mishka protif Judenicha (Mishki versus Yudenich) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with , Jevgenij Kumejko, Andrej Kostrichkin,
1924: [10.25] Pokhozhdenjia Oktjabrinj (The Adventures of Oktyabrina) (Director), Directed by Grigorij Kozintsev, with , Jevgenij Kumejko, Sergeij Martinson,

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